Mosquito Bites Care

Itchy, red bites are a common nuisance in mosquito infested areas. While mosquito bites typically clear up in a few days for most individuals, those with more sensitive skin could suffer from large, swollen welts and persistent itching.

Female mosquitoes need the protein found in blood in order to lay their eggs. When mosquitoes bite humans or animals, they drink their blood in order to obtain nutrients. Male mosquitoes do not bite people or animals.

When mosquitoes bite, they use their proboscis (sharp, straw like mouth) to pierce the skin. The saliva of the mosquito contains anticoagulants, making it easier for the mosquito to drink your blood. In response to these foreign substances, your immune system releases histamine which creates an inflammatory response. This is what causes the red, raised bumps and itchiness related with mosquito bites.

The most important, and often most difficult, step in caring for mosquito bites is to not itch them. Scratching your skin can lead to tears and abrasion which could let in bacteria, possibly causing an infection. If you are bitten by a mosquito, follow these steps:

  • Wash the area with a gentle soap and warm water.
  • Apply a calamine lotion or over-the-counter hydrocortisone cream to relieve itchiness.
  • A cool compress can be applied initially to reduce swelling and alleviate immediate itchiness.
  • If you experience a more pronounced allergic reaction, such as hives or increased swelling, an antihistamine medication can be taken.

Most mosquito bites are mild and will heal within a few days to a week. In the case of an infection due to scratching, it may be necessary to visit a doctor.

Mosquitoes are known carriers of various bacterial and viral diseases. Unfortunately, just looking at a bite cannot tell you whether you’ve been infected or not. If you have been bitten by a mosquito, it is important to monitor yourself for any possible symptoms of bacterial or viral disease. Possible indications of mosquito borne disease include:

  • Fever and/or severe headache.
  • Joint and muscle pain.
  • General malaise; flu-like symptoms.
  • Vomiting and/or diarrhea.
  • Rash.
  • Fatigue and lethargy.
  • Stiff neck and confusion.

If any of the above symptoms are experienced in conjunction with a mosquito bite, it is important to see your doctor or healthcare provider as soon as possible. Mosquito borne diseases include: Dengue Fever, Zika, West Nile Virus, Chikungunya, Encephalitis and more. All of these diseases can be life threatening and should be taken seriously.

It’s probable that most people will be bitten by a mosquito at least once in their lifetime. The mosquito population in the United States has been steadily increasing over the past few years, including the types of mosquitoes known to spread disease. While at home care is suitable for mild bites, mosquito borne disease can put you in the hospital. The best way to prevent the spread of mosquito borne disease is with professional mosquito control.

If you have been searching for “mosquito control near me“, you can count on the pest control experts of Saela.